Frequent human-wildlife conflicts, many times involving elephants, created the need to introduce strategies to reduce both economic losses and retaliatory killings of this endangered species. Working with communities living adjacent to conservation areas, youth volunteers, and wildlife scouts, Honeyguide developed a Human-Elephant Conflict (HEC) Toolkit that uses a sequence of steps to prevent or end farm raids. The toolkit relies upon long-term deterrence strategies, such as chili fences and chili bricks, as well as increasingly confrontational strategies to turn away elephants, from LED flashlights and air horns to chili crackers and Roman candles. With flashlights alone shown to be 70 percent successful at removing elephants from crops and 90 percent effective at turning them around before they reach farmers’ crops, the HEC toolkit enables communities to increasingly prevent human-wildlife conflicts themselves.
Read more about our conflict toolkit on National Geographic.